初二上册单元辅导英语语法

八年级英语2019-08-19



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【Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?】

本单元的话题:谈论假期活动内容,复习一般过去时。

本单元的语法:1.复习一般过去时;2.学习不定代词和不定副词的用法。

2.不定代词和不定副词的用法:

(1)左边的some、any、every、no与右边的body、one、thing构成不定代词,some、any、every、no与右边的疑问副词where构成不定副词;

(2)一般情况下以some开头的不定代词和不定副词用于肯定句,以any开头的不定代词和不定副词用于否定句、疑问句;以no开头的不定代词和不定副词表示否定含义(no one为两个单词);

(3)不定代词或不定副词和形容词连用时,形容词放在后面。

He has something important to do.他有重要的事情要做。(肯定句用something,形容词important放后)???

Did you buy anything special? (一般疑问句用anything,形容词special放后)

Did you go anywhere interesting last month?上个月你去令人感兴趣的地方了吗?

(一般疑问句用不定副词anywhere,形容词interesting放后)

(4)不定代词和不定副词做主语时,后面的动词用单数形式。Everone is here today.今天每个人都在这里。

本单元的短语和知识点:

1. go on vacation去度假? go to the mountains? 上山/进山

2.stay at home呆在家go to the beach去海滩 visit museums 参观博物馆? go to summer camp去参观夏令营???????

3. study for tests为考试而学习\备考go out出去

4. quite a few相当多,不少(后跟可数名词复数)take photos照相 most of the time大部分时间?? ?

5.buy sth for sb = buy sb sth为某人买某物?????

6. taste good. 尝起来很好??

taste(尝起来)、look(看起来)、sound(听起来)为感官动词,后跟形容词

7.have a good\great\fun time过得高兴,玩得愉快(=enjoy oneself) 8. go shopping去购物???? 9. nothing…but+动词原形:除了……之外什么都没有

He had nothing to do at home but read yesterday.昨天他在家除了读书无事可做。

10. seem to do sth:好像… I seem to know him.我好像认识他。

seem+(to be)+形容词:看起来…The work seems(to be)easy.这工作看起来很容易。

11.keep a diary记日记

12.? in+大地方:达到某地?? (get to +地方:达到某地)

arrive?? at+小地方:达到某地???? (get的过去式为got)

若是arrive和get后跟home、there、here三个地点副词,后面的介词in\at\to必须去掉。

Tom got home yesterday evening=Tom arrived home yesterday evening.昨晚汤姆到家。

13.decide to do sth:决定做某事 14. try doing sth.尝试做某事try to do sth.尽力去做某事

15. feel like给…的感觉;感受到? 16. in the past 在过去?? walk around四处走走?

enjoy? doing sth:喜欢做某事? difference(名词,差异,差别)---- different(形容词,不同的)

18.start doing sth:开始做某事 (= start to do sth)

19.19.over an hour一个多小时? (over超过,多余 = more than)

20. too many 太多,后接可数名词复数。 too much 太多,后跟不可数名词,修饰动词作状语。

much too? 太,后跟形容词或副词 ,? 分辨三者的口诀: too much, much too, 用法区别看后头:much 后接不可数,too 后修饰形或副。too many 要记住,后面名词必复数。

21. because of 因为,后接名词、代词或动名词(即动词+ing),不能接句子。

because因为,后跟句子。

He was late for school because of getting up late.他因为起晚而上学迟到。(get为动词)??

= He was late for school because he got up late.

22. enough(足够的)与名词连用,一般放在名词前He has enough money .

23. enough(足够的)与形容词或副词连用,enough放在后面。He is old enough to go to school.?

24.??? doing sth.忘记已经做过某事(已经做完)

Forget?? to do sth.忘记去做某事(还未做)(forget的过去式为forgot)

25. so+形容词+that+句子:如此…以至于…

too+形容词+to do sth:太…以至于不能…

形容词+enough to do sth:足够…能够做某事(注意三个句型有时可以互换)

He is so young that he can′t go to school.= He is too young to go to school.

= He isn′t old enough to go to school.

【Unit 2 How often do you exercise?】

本单元的话题:谈论生活习惯,复习一般现在时。

本单元的语法:1.复习一般现在时;2.学习表示频率副词的用法。

主要频率副词的等级排序:always(总是) usually (通常) often(经常) sometimes(有时) hardly ever(很少) never(从不)

这些副词在句子中的位置,一般放在助动词、be动词或情态动词之后,行为动词之前。即:“行”前“助(系)”后。 Peter is always late for school. Peter上学总是迟到。

I usually do my homework in the evening.? 我通常在晚上做作业。

提问 always, sometimes, twice a day 等频率副词,用 How often

I watch TV every day.我每天都看电视→How often do you watch TV?(你多长时间看一次电视?)

本单元的短语和知识点:

1.on weekends在周末?? go to the movies去看电影??? help with housework帮助做家务????? how often多久一次? hardly ever几乎从不

2.once a week每周一次 twice a week每周两次? every day每天??? use the Internet用互联网

be free有空???? Are you free on weekends?你周末有空吗?

4.stay up late熬夜at least至少go to bed early早点睡觉play sports进行体育活动

5.after school 放学后? 6.want sth:需要某物 He wants a new pen.他想要一支新钢笔。

want to do sth:想做某事 He wants to watch TV after school.放学后他想去看电视。

want sb to do sth:让某人做某事 My mother wants me get up early.妈妈让我早起。

7.be good for对……有好处??? be bad for 对……有害处

8.? play computer games打电子游戏?? go camping去野营?? 9.ask sb about sth:问某人某事??????? My parents often ask me about my study.我的父母经常问我的学习情况。

10. in one’s spare time在某人业余时间He studies English in his spare time.11.(P13,2b)”数字+percent of+名词”做主语时,后面的单词取决于名词的情况。若名词为复数,后面的动词用复数形式;若名词为单数或不可数名词,后面的动词用单数形式。

In our class ,twenty of students are boys.?? Thirty of water is dirty.

12.not…at all:一点儿也不? (not构成否定句)I don’t? like the movie at all.

13.go online上网=surf the Internet? 14.the answer to+名词:…的答案?

16.the (best) way to do sth: 做某事的()方式

The best way to learn English is speaking English.学习英语的方法是说英语.

17.such as比如 (后跟名词或名词短语)for example 例如(后跟句子)

He likes fruits,such as apples,bananas and so on.他喜欢水果,例如苹果、香蕉等。

He has some good ways to study English,for example ,he often listens to tapes.

19.more than (=over)超过,多余???????? go to the dentist去看牙医

【Unit 3 I'm more outgoing than my sister.】??

本单元的话题:谈论事物对比,学习形容词比较级。

本单元的语法:学习形容词比较级。(语法:见课本第113页至115页)

本单元的短语和知识点:

1.play+the +乐器?? play the drums打鼓? 比较play +球类?????? play basketball打篮球?????????????

both…and…两者都(后面的动词用复数形式)??? Both Tom and Jim are students.

3.be good at+名词\代词\V ing:擅长,在某方面做得好

7.be like:像… The books are like friends.书像朋友。

8.make friends (with sb):(和某人)交朋友? enjoy doing sth:喜欢做某事

9.be different from与…不同? My brother is different from me.我弟弟与我不一样。

10.help sb to (do) sth:帮助某人做某事

常与help sb with sth(在某方面帮助某人)互换?? He often helps me (to) learn English.他经常帮助我学习英语。= He often helps me with my English.他经常在英语方面帮助我。

help (to) do sth:帮助做某事He often helps( to)cook at home.他经常在家帮助做饭。

13.be good with sb:与某人相处很好??? 14.information (n.消息,信息)不可数名词

【Unit 4 What's the best movie theater?】

本单元的话题:谈论事物对比, 学习形容词和副词的级。

本单元的语法:学习形容词和副词的级。

本单元的短语和知识点:

1.welcome to+地点:欢迎来到某地 Welcome to our school.欢迎来我校。

2.What do you think of sth?=How dou you like sth?你认为...怎么样?

3.watch sb do sth:看见某人做了某事(= see sb do sth )

4.比较级别 +and+比较级:越来越…(若比较级为more+形容词原级,则为:more and more形容词原级)The buildings are taller and taller. Our school is getting more and more beautiful.

5.around the world全世界=all over the world,????? such as 例如

【Unit 5 Do you want to watch a game show?】

本单元的话题:谈论自己对天使节目或电影的喜好,学会表达自己的感受。

本单元的语法:复习一般现在时。

本单元的短语和知识点:

1. What do you think of sth?=How dou you like sth?你认为…怎么样?

What do you think of the movie?你认为这部电影怎么样? It is boring.很无聊。

2.mind doing sth:介意做某事? 3. news? (不可数名词,消息,信息) a piece of good news一条好消息? 4.learn (sth) from sb:向某人学习(某物)? 5.plan to do sth:计划做某事(plan的过去式planned,现在分词planning)?? 6.hope to do sth:希望做某事

8.favorite (形容词,最喜爱的)= like…best

My favorite shows are talk shows.我最喜欢的节目是谈话节目。=I like talk shows best.

9.expect to do sth:期待做某事? 10.think of认为,想起He often thinks of his teachers.? 11.in the 1930s:在二十世纪三十年代(1930年至1939年)

10.12.one of +可数名词复数:…之一(该短语放在句首做主语时,后面的动词用单数形式)One of the students has an English dictionary.这些学生中一个人有英语字典。

14.luck(名词,幸运,运气)—lucky(形容词,幸运的)--unlucky (形容词,不幸的)

15.be ready to do sth乐意做某事? 16.try one's best (to do sth):尽力(做某事)??

Unit6? Im going to study computer science.

本单元的话题:谈论自己将来的计划或打算。

本单元的语法:学习一般将来时be going to do sth。

本单元的短语和知识点:

1.词性转换:science (名词,科学)—scientist(名词,科学家)

violin(名词,小提琴)--violinst(名词,小提琴家)piano(名词,钢琴)-- pianist(名词,钢琴家)2.grow up成长,长大??? 3.be good at+名词\代词\动词+ing:擅长…? He is good at math,but he isn’t good at speaking English.他擅长数学,但是不擅长说英语。

4.keep on doing sth: 继续做某事?? 5.be sure about:确信,对…有把握

His mother isn’t sure about his study.他的妈妈对他的学习没有把握。

6.? move to +地点:搬(家)到某地??? 7. take singing\acting lessons上歌唱课\上表演课=have singing\acting lessons?? 8. send sb sth = send sth to sb寄\送给某人某物

His grandfather often sends him money。= His grandfather often sends money to him.

9.? learn to do sth学会做某事

10.? play the piano弹钢琴 make the soccer team组建足球队? get good grades取得好的成绩? eat healthier food吃更健康的食品??? get lots of exercise进行大量锻炼

11. foreign language外国语言?? 12.? study hard努力学习? most of the time大多数时间

14. get back from+地点:从…回来?? He will get back from Beijing in 3 days.

at the beginning of 在…开始的时候, write down写下/记下,

17. different kinds of不同种类的? have to do with关于,与…有关系,take up开始从事

20.? too+形容词+to do sth:太…以至于不能…

so+形容词+that+句子:如此…以至于…

形容词+enough to do sth:足够…能够做某事(注意三个句型有时可以互相转换)??????

He is so young that he can′t go to school.他如此年轻以至于不能去上学。??

= He is too young to go to school.他太年轻了以至于不能去上学。

= He isn′t old enough to go to school.

22.make sb+形容词:让某人怎么样? The good news made us happy.(注意:news为不可数名词)

23.how to do better at school为“疑问词+不定式”即“疑问词+to do sth”

He didn’t know when to start.他不知道什么时候开始。 24.go to university去上大学


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