初二上册期末英语复习提纲

八年级英语2019-08-19

重点句子讲解
1. Why don’t you get her a scarf? 为什么不给她买条围巾呢?
get sb. sth. for … 为了… 给某人买某物
= get sth. to sb. for…
注意:当sth. 是代词时,不可使用第二种用法。
2. That’s not interesting enough. 那不够有趣。
enough有两种词性:当它用来修饰形容词、副词时,作为副词,应放在所修饰的词之后,如上句;当它用来修饰名词时,应放在名词之后,如:I don’t have enough time to spend with her.
3. What’s the best gift (that) Joe has ever received? Joe曾经受到的的礼物
是什么?
4. What a lucky guy! 幸运的家伙!
5. I think a dog is a good pet for a 6-year-old child. 我认为对于一个六岁的孩子一条狗会是一个好礼物。
6. Dogs are too difficult to take care of. 狗很难照料。
7. The trendiest kind of pet these days is the pot-bellied pig. 近来最流行的宠物是大腹便便的猪。X kb1.com
8. Life with a pig isn’t always perfect. 和一只猪在一起生活并不总是完美的。
9. Now she’s too big to sleep in the house. 现在她太大了不能睡在屋子里。
too… to …:太…以致于不能…
= so… that 主语 can’t ….
e.g. He is too young to go to school.
= He is so young that he can’t go to school.
= He isn’t old enough to go to school.
= He is very young and he can’t go to school.
注意:too…to…是一个简单句,而so…that…是一个复合句。并且当复合句中的主句主语和从句主语不同时,在句型中要用for sb.来表述。如:
The digital camera is so expensive that we can’t buy it.
= The digital camera is too expensive for us to buy.
= The digital camera isn’t cheap enough for us to buy.
= The digital camera is very expensive and we can’t buy it.
10. My shoes were really cheap. They only cost $5. 我的鞋子真的很便宜。只要花5美圆。
cost:花费(金钱)主语为物;
pay:花费(金钱)主语为人;
take::花费(时间、金钱)主语为物;
spend :花费(时间、金钱)主语为人。
语法
1. Why don’t you get her a scarf?
= Why not get her a scarf? 为什么不给她买条围巾呢?
How/What about doing sth.? 做…怎么样呢?
How/What about + (a/an) + n.? …怎么样呢?
2. Would you mind (not) doing sth.? 你介不介意做(不做)…?
= Would/Could you please (not) do sth.? 请你做(不做)…好吗?
注意:7、8两个单元学习的几种礼貌的提出建议的方式要重点、综合复习。注意他们的搭配。
Unit 9
重要短语
1. hear of 听说
hear from 收到…的消息/来信
2. take a ride 兜风
3. end up 结束
4. argue with sb. 与某人争吵
5. roller coaster 过山车
6. a flight attendant 一个机组乘务员
7. in fact 事实上
8. all over the world 全世界
9. think about 考虑
think of 想起;认为
10. rather than 宁可;而不是
11. neither…nor… 既不…也不…
12. three quarters of 四分之三
13. for example 举个例子
14. such as 例如
15. on the one hand,… on the other hand,…. 一方面…,另一方面…
16. be asleep 睡着(状态)
fall asleep 睡着(动作)
重点句子新 课标 第 一网
1. Have you ever been to a water park? 你曾经去过水上公园吗?
No, I haven’t. 不,我没有。
Me neither. = Neither/Nor have I. 我也没有。
这是一个否定的省略句。它的结构是“ Neither/Nor + be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语”。而用在肯定的省略句中时要使用so,它的结构是“So+ be动词/助动词/情态动词”。如:
-- I paid 20 yuan for this book.
-- So did I.
2. The roller coaster is themed with Disney characters.
过山车是以迪斯尼的人物为主题的。
3. The boats take different routes, but they all end up in the same place.
虽然船的路线不同,但它们都停泊在同一个地方。
4. It’s just so much fun in Disneyland.
迪斯尼乐园里有如此之多的乐趣。
5. It was because I could speak English that I got the job.
只是因为我能说英语,我得到了这份工作。
6. More than three quarters of the population are Chinese.
超过四分之三的人是中国人。
7. This is because the island is so close to the equator. So you can choose to go whenever you like. 就因为这个岛是如此接近赤道。所以只要你愿意你任何时候都可以去。
语法
1. 现在完成时
(1) 用法:动作到现在已经完成或刚刚完成;
过去发生或已完成的动作对现在造成的结果和影响;
过去开始一直持续到现在的动作或状态。
(2) 基本结构:have/has + V.过去分词
(3) 时间状语:already, yet, just, ever, never, once, twice, so far, ever since, for a long time, for + 一段时间, since + 过去的时间点/过去时的从句,等。
(4) 注意事项:
A. 现在完成时是现在的时态,重点表达目前的结果和状态;
B. 表示动作从过去开始持续到现在用for + 时间段, since +点时间连用。对for与since短语提问用how long。
C. 现在完成时从不与when引起的疑问句联用。
D. have been to:去过…
have gone to:去了…
have been in:呆在…
E. 短暂性动词变为延续性动词:
buy --- have had borrow --- have kept
join --- have been in / have been a member of
become --- have been a member make friends --- have been friends
die --- have been dead get to know --- have known
come/go to do --- have done catch a cold --- have had a cold
begin/start to do --- have done
begin / start --- have been on
enter / come / arrive / get to / reach --- have been in/at
go / leave for / set off / set out --- have been away from
2. since,for在现在完成(进行)时中的用法差异
(1) since 后接过去的时间点或一般过去时的从句。
He has been an English teacher since three years ago.
We have known each other since we came to study in this university.
(2) for后接时间段
He has lived here for three years.
3. 现在完成时与一般过去时的区别
现在完成时表示过去发生的某一动作对现在造成的影响和结果,强调的是现在的情况,所以它不能和表示过去的时间状语连用,如:yesterday, last night, three weeks ago, in 1990等。
而一般过去时只表示过去的动作或状态,和现在不发生关系,它可以和表示过去的时间状语连用。如:
He has lived here since 1992. 1992年以来他一直住在这里。(他现在还住在这里)
He lived here in 1992. 1992年他住在这里。(并不涉及他现在是否住在这里)
Unit 10
重点短语
1. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事
forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事
2. look through 浏览
3. cross a busy street = go/walk across a busy street 穿过一条繁忙的街道
4. think of 想起、认为
5. come along 出现,发生
6. get along/on … with sb. 与某人相处的…
7. be friendly to sb. 对某人友好
8. have a birthday party 举办一个生日聚会
9. on Saturday night 在周六的晚上
10. at least 至少
11. at the school dining room 在学校的餐厅里
知识点
1. I hope so. 我希望如此。
so为代词,用来表示赞同前面所提及的内容。除了hope以外,还有think,believe,suppose,be afraid等,可与so连用。如:
Do you think it will rain this afternoon? 你认为下午会下雨吗?
I think/believe/suppose/hope/am afraid so. 我想/相信/猜/希望/恐怕会。
注意:用来表示不赞同前面所提及的内容,有两种不同的方法,不可混用。如:
I don’t think so. 我不这么想。
I hope/suppose/am afraid not. 我希望/猜/恐怕不会这样。
2. How much did that shirt cost? 那件衬衫多少钱?
3. I feel like part of the group now. 现在我感觉像是他们中的一员了。
4. Friends like you make it a lot easier to get along in a new place. 有像你这样的一些朋友,使得我在新的地方很快就适应了。

猜你喜欢

相关文章